A study conducted by researchers from China and the United States has found that oceans are warming rapidly than previously estimated and this trend could drastically affect marine life.
A resident of Pariahan village pumps drinking water from a well, on November 28, 2018 in Bulacan, north of Manila in the Philippines.
And the warming is happening faster than predicted by scientists in 2013, according to the study, which was published this week in the journal Science.
(Imaginechina via AP) Landscape of the Great Barrier Reef in the Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland, Australia, 2018.
Ocean heating is an important climate change factor, because approximately 93 percent of extra solar energy captured by greenhouse gases builds up in oceans worldwide, said a University of California, Berkeley blog post.
We could see many more weather-related problems if the ocean continues to warm at this accelerated pace, especially if there is no human intervention to manage climate change, experts say.
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Prior to Argo, ocean temperature data was sparse at best, relying on devices called expendable bathythermographs that sank to the depths only once, transmitting data until settling into watery graves.
A year ago is expected to be the hottest for the oceans on record - explaining the wild fires, severe storms, record breaking rains and droughts that swept the world. The results provide further evidence that earlier claims of a slowdown or "hiatus" in global warming over the past 15 years were unfounded. The first scenario falls in line with the Paris Climate Agreement's goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to keep the average global temperature from rising no more than 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. Global warming is here, and has major consequences already.
Nearly 200 nations plan to phase out fossil fuels this century under the 2015 Paris climate agreement to limit warming. According to Lijing Cheng, one of the study's authors, temperatures down to 2,000 meters rose about 0.1 degree Celsius (0.18F) between 1971-2010, according to Reuters. U.S. President Donald Trump, who wants to promote U.S. fossil fuels, plans to pull out of the pact in 2020.
Another study report from the European Union's Copernicus Climate Change Service had revealed that 2018 was the fourth warmest year, in terms of global surface temperatures, in records dating back to the 19th century. These robots measure ocean temperature, salinity, and pH. It can take more than 1,000 years for deep ocean temperatures to adjust to changes at the surface.
"We are warming the planet but the ocean is not warming evenly, so different places warm more than others", Zanna said, according to the paper.
Warmer ocean water also raises sea levels by melting ice, including around the edges of Antarctica and Greenland.