After Magnitsky discovered the alleged fraud, he was arrested and held for nearly a year in pretrial detention in Moscow, where he eventually died at age 37, the USA indictment filed at the time alleges. The Kremlin-connected attorney allegedly colluded with Russian government officials in an attempt to subvert a USA civil money laundering action against her clients in 2014.
He has also scrutinised Mr Trump's involvement in drafting a misleading public statement about the meeting's content.
The charge against Veselnitskaya was not directly related to special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation of the president's relationship to the Kremlin and whether Trump conspired with Moscow's effort to interfere in US politics and catapult him into the Oval Office.
All have since said that Veselnitskaya had nothing on Clinton for them and sought to discuss other matters. Moscow denies interfering in the election to help Trump.
He has also denied colluding with Russian Federation to influence the election and has called the Mueller investigation a political witch-hunt.
Those involved made about $230 million in tax refunds, prosecutors said, and filtered the money through shell companies and eventually into Prevezon, a Cyprus-based real estate corporation.
Prosecutors alleged that Prevezon, controlled by Moscow tycoon Denis Katsyv, was a front for "Russian criminal organizations" with high-level political support.
Counsel for Veselnitskaya, a Russian national, is now unknown.
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And she said: "More than ever we need to find the centre, reach across the House and find a majority for what will be agreed". Asked if he was prepared to resign to stop a no-deal Brexit, Mr Harrington said: "Definitely, I would".
The case was settled in May 2017. It was organized after an intermediary promised that Veselnitskaya would deliver documents that would incriminate Hillary Clinton.
"Veselnitskaya... represented Prevezon Holdings in a civil case in which the US attorney's office in Manhattan sought millions of dollars in forfeiture from the company and others", the Post reports.
Yet the allegations by prosecutors in Manhattan claim strong connections between Veselnitskaya and Russian government officials.
The incident sparked the United States to pass the Magnitsky Act, which allowed the USA government to sanction Russian officials found to have committed human rights violations there.
In retaliation, Moscow imposed its own sanctions on United States officials and halted American adoptions of Russian children.
"Fabricating evidence-submitting false and deceptive declarations to a federal judge-in an attempt to affect the outcome of pending litigation not only undermines the integrity of the judicial process, but it threatens the ability of our courts and our Government to ensure that justice is done", U.S. Attorney Geoffrey Berman of the Southern District of NY said.
"I assume that this aims to prevent me from pursuing my professional activities, which involve very sensitive issues for the United States", she said.
In 2016, Congress expanded the Magnitsky Act was expanded globally to cover any officials involved in human rights abuses.