But worldwide outrage over the journalist's murder has forced higher education institutions, USA businesses, and Congress to reconsider their alliances with Saudi Arabia and turned the spotlight on the Yemen conflict.
"It'll have teeth", said Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker, a Tennessee Republican, who added that the senators are trying to piece together various proposals into one plan to achieve bipartisan consensus.
A group of Republican and Democratic senators met on Thursday morning to discuss how to move ahead, saying afterwards they were working to come up with a compromise that could eventually become law.
Khashoggi was killed by Saudi agents on October 2 after arriving to handle routine paperwork.
Bob Corker said he had "zero question in my mind" it was Prince Salman, and Lindsey Graham said the "crazy" crown prince was "complicit" to the "highest level possible".
The Senate is expected to vote on the war powers resolution next week, but lawmakers have not yet agreed on how, or whether, it should be amended.
Riyadh has continued to distance the prince from the murder and has been backed by Donald Trump's administration, which downplayed Prince Salman's possible connections to the killing.
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A former news reporter for ABC, she joined Fox in 1996, originally as a correspondent and later as a co-host for Fox and Friends . Heather Nauert whgo could be UN Envoy, did not immediately respond to request for comment.
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President Trump defended the relationship last month, citing the hundreds of millions of dollars that Saudi Arabia has spent on military equipment manufactured by American defense companies.
Still, Lester said the killing has likely put an end to earlier discussions about a major expansion of the school's work in Saudi Arabia. Although MIT now has no such arrangement in Saudi Arabia, Lester recommends against planning any such engagements in the Kingdom in the future, at least until conditions on the ground there have changed significantly. "There's not a smoking gun, there's a smoking saw", Graham told reporters after the briefing.
Graham said he wanted to make two statements in all of the legislative flurry around Saudi Arabia, "That MBS is complicit (in the Khashoggi killing) and a wrecking ball and that we're going to do something about it - and that means suspending arms sales and support for Yemen".
The non-binding resolution is also seeking to hold the crown prince accountable for contributing to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen, the blockade of Qatar, the jailing of political dissidents in Riyadh and the use of force to intimidate rivals.
"I believe it's vitally important to USA national security interests to make a definitive statement about the brutal murder of an American resident - Mr. Khashoggi - who has three American citizen children", Graham said in a statement.
Reuters news agency, citing two anonymous sources, reported on Thursday that a top aide to Prince Mohammed, Saud al-Qahtani, who was sacked for his role in the killing of Khashoggi, personally oversaw the torture of one of the detained activists earlier this year.