Last year, Carbon dioxide pollution increased by 1.6% after a three-year hiatus that raised hopes manmade greenhouse gas emissions had finally peaked despite an expanding world economy.
"The Paris Agreement is fatally flawed because it raises the price of energy for responsible countries while whitewashing some of the worst polluters", said Trump, referring to a global deal on the environment drafted in Paris in late 2015.
The research by the Global Carbon Project is published in the journals Nature, Earth System Science Data and Environmental Research Letters.
Attenborough said: "Right now we are facing a manmade disaster of global scale, our greatest threat in thousands of years: climate change.
We are in deep trouble with climate change", United Nations Secretary General António Guterres said at the conference this week.
The countries that signed on to the Paris accord, including Canada, committed to a goal of limiting the average global temperature rise to between 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.
The uncertainty range for the 2.7% increase is 1.8 to 3.7%.
Use of coal - the biggest carbon emitter - is rising.
The two-week conference, in Poland's southern coal mining region of Silesia, is expected to work out how governments can report on their efforts to reduce green gas emission and keep global warming within the Paris accord limit.
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However, Nato allies would have to agree unanimously to have any new missile deployed in Europe. Putin's spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, said the US ultimatum was an "escalation of the situation".
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Oil and gas use have grown nearly unabated over the last decade.
China produced 27 percent of global emissions past year, followed by the United States with 15 percent, the European Union with 10 percent and India at seven percent.
For the US, it was a combination of a hot summer and cold winter that required more electricity use for heating and cooling.
The United States will account for 15% of Carbon dioxide pollution in 2018, an increase of about 2.5%.
U.S. emissions are expected to resume their downward trend in 2019 as cheap gas, wind and solar power continue to displace coal.
This year's growth in emissions has been attributed to the strong economic growth. There was a decrease from the European Union, but only by 0.7 percent.
Some scientists expressed frustration with the pace of change.
The Paris Agreement is potentially the strongest health agreement of this century, in not only addressing the health risks associated with climate change through mitigation and adaptation mechanisms, but also in helping ensure the attainment of the SDGs, which are integral to good health.
Almost 200 nations are huddled at UN climate talks in Katowice, Poland until December 14.