Diabetes affects more than 382 million people worldwide.
In type 2 diabetes, insulin helps control the disease and avoid or push back complications like blindness, amputation and stroke.
However, as per the study, around 33 million people with type 2 diabetes do not have access to insulin, and by 2030, the number will touch 41 million. According to a new study performed at Stanford University, 40 million people with type 2 diabetes won't have access to the life-saving hormone by 2030.
The study said 79 million people with type- 2 diabetes will need insulin by 2030, while insulin required to treat the patients is expected to increase by around 20%.
The study also predicts that using a higher glucose target of 8% in the over 75s could halve insulin use and prevent more disability by cutting severe hypoglycaemic events (more common among older adults) by 44%, with only a 20% increase in diabetes-related harms from eye, kidney, and nerve complications (figure 2).
Globally China, India and the U.S. with the highest population are more prone to diabetes 2 due to the obesity and the sedentary work lifestyle. Insulin treatment is expensive and the market is now dominated by three manufacturers, according to the study.
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"These estimates suggest that current levels of insulin access are highly inadequate compared to projected need, particularly in Africa and Asia, and more efforts should be devoted to overcoming this looming health challenge", Basu said in a statement. "They are also based on various assumptions, including that type 2 diabetes prevalence will continue to increase linearly".
It should be also noted that about 33 million people now do not have access to insulin.
Overall, Basu and colleagues calculated that global insulin use was set to rise to 634 million 1,000-unit vials by 2030, from 526 million in 2018. Unless governments commence inventiveness to make insulin accessible and economical, then its application is going to be far from appropriate.
Inspite of UN's dedication to cure non-communicable illnesses and safeguard comprehensive acquisition to drugs for diabetes covering much of the world insulin is scarce and needlessly arduous for patients to obtain.
In 2016 an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association reported that the drug's price nearly tripled between 2002 and 2013.