South Korean President Moon Jae-in is greeted by North Korean leader Kim Jong Un as he arrives at the headquarters of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea for their meeting in Pyongyang, North Korea, September 18, 2018. A live broadcast from the scene is organized by the press center in Seoul.
Kim Yo-jong, the younger sister of the leader and a key official, was seen preparing officials for Moon's arrival and accompanying Kim Jong-un and his wife.
Washington has taken a tough stance in its approach towards Pyongyang, with Trump cancelling Secretary of State Mike Pompeo's visit to North Korea in August citing lack of action taken towards denuclearisation.
Three big issues were expected to be on the agenda; improving inter-Korean relations, promoting denuclearisation and US-North Korea dialogue, and ending inter-Korean military tensions.
Including Lee Jae-yong, heir to the country's No. 1 family-run business, Samsung, 17 business leaders from a variety of industries joined the 52-member special delegation, created as part of the Moon government's "new economy" initiative for the Korean Peninsula.
For the third time this year, the leaders of North and South Korea are meeting face to face.
But National Security Adviser John Bolton said: "President Trump can't make the North Koreans walk through the door he's holding open".
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley accused Russian Federation on Monday of "cheating" on U.N. sanctions on North Korea.
Meanwhile, the United States and Russian Federation clashed Monday over enforcing U.N. sanctions against North Korea, with the US ambassador accusing Moscow of "cheating" and Russia's envoy accusing Washington of "political ill-intent". The entire ceremony lasted about 15 minutes before Moon and Kim drove off in a caravan of black cars and the crowd quickly returned to its previously calm state. Moon served as Roh's chief of staff and was in charge of preparations for Roh's 2007 summit with Kim's father, former North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.
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But hit a roadblock in the summit's wake, with Kim touting steps the North has taken, including the dismantling of nuclear and rocket-engine testing sites, and the White House repeatedly stressing that Pyongyang must first take verifiable steps to dismantle its nuclear arsenal before any further concessions.
Agreeing on a timetable is a core task for Moon, as it would induce United States action, said Lee Jung-chul, a professor at Soongsil University in Seoul.
If the talks proceed smoothly, Im said there is a possibility of a joint news conference on the summit's second day to announce an agreement on the military issues.
North Korean's Kim Jong-un greeted Moon Jae-in with hugs and smiles on Tuesday as the South Korean president arrived in Pyongyang to discuss faltering talks on denuclearisation and the prospect of officially ending the Korean War.
The conflict ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty, leaving USA -led United Nations forces including South Korea technically still at war with the North. The leaders held their first two meetings on April 27 and May 26 this year at the border village of Panmunjom.
"This summit would be very meaningful if it yielded a resumption of North Korea-U.S. talks", Moon said Tuesday morning just before his departure.
Moon has expressed willingness to work as a "broker" between Washington and Pyongyang.
The nuclear-armed North invaded its neighbour in 1950, starting the Korean War, although it now regularly stresses the importance of reunifying with the now far wealthier South.
While it is still uncertain whether the USA would accept the idea of "declaration-for-declaration exchange", Kim of Kyungnam University said it would help to have North Korea and the United States "almost simultaneously declare" North Korea's nuclear arsenal and the end of the Korean War.